Episode 5: Wildfire TOP
"Wildfire" is the fifth and penultimate episode of the first season of the post-apocalyptic horror television series The Walking Dead. It originally aired on AMC in the United States on November 28, 2010. The episode was written by Glen Mazzara and directed by Ernest Dickerson.
Episode 5: Wildfire
In the episode, the survivors deal with the aftermath of the walker attack, and decide to move to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention facilities, hoping to find a cure for an infected Jim (Andrew Rothenberg). Meanwhile, Shane Walsh (Jon Bernthal), finding his leadership position challenged by Rick Grimes (Andrew Lincoln), succumbs to his inner demons.
"Wildfire" was directed by Ernest Dickerson and written by Glen Mazzara. Actor Noah Emmerich made a guest appearance on the show, portraying the character of Edwin Jenner, one of the few remaining medical personnel dedicated to eradicating the virus. Emmerich's appearance was formally announced in November 2010. Creator Frank Darabont foreshadowed the development of the episode the same month, alongside predecessor "Vatos" and the first season finale, "TS-19". "Before it's all said and done, the opinions and actions of the group are divided." Producer Gale Anne Hurd added, "Stakes are higher, dissension develops, rivalries intensify."
In "Wildfire", Andrea shoots her deceased sister Amy after she slowly resurrected into a walker. Greg Nicotero, the special effect director for The Walking Dead, made Bell wear contact lenses that were less harsh in appearance, as he wanted an emotional connection to resonate between the characters. Bell admitted that she was perplexed on how to approach the scene. "I laid down on the wood chips and just sort of stared at the sky and staring at my sister's face," explained Bell. "All of these thoughts and emotions started flooding in, so I was really lucky." Jim, played by Andrew Rothenberg, also died in this episode, bitten by a walker, and is abandoned. His death is considered the 35th most important death in the series. Adam Minarovich played Ed, Carol's husband and first victim of the series. It is the last appearance of Morales, played by Juan Pareja, and his family (Maddie Lomax and Noah Lomax as Eliza and Louis Morales, his children, and Viviana Chavez as Miranda Morales, his spouse), until his return in the season 8 episode 2 named The Damned.
Bear McCreary composed fewer scores in "Wildfire" in comparison to other episode of the series, putting an emphasis on silence, which McCreary felt that the music was more subtle when corresponding with silence. He found that as a result, the music was more effective because he was not adding sound "for the sake of being heard". "When you don't have ambient beds going through your whole score," he said, "it means that just the entrance of music has a lot more power. We really pushed the limits of how long can we go without music."
Upon its initial broadcast on November 28, 2010, "Wildfire" was watched by 5.56 million viewers, which increased in viewership from the previous episode. At the time, it was the highest-rated episode of the series in both overall viewership and in the 18-49 demographic.
'The Walking Dead' makes its biggest departure from Robert Kirkman's comic book series yet with tonight's episode, 'Wildfire.' After some considerable back and forth about leaving their current location and looking for the CDC, the remaining travelers find their destination -- and a new human being who may or may not be able to help them.
The episode picks up after last week's unexpected walker zombie attack. Andrea has been keeping a constant vigil on her dead sister Amy, so that the moment when Amy comes back, she can apologize to her for not being there in the past and to put her out of her misery -- with a bullet shot to the head. Carol takes out her frustrations by bashing in her dead husband's head with a pick axe and Shane and Rick feud about the latter's decision to return to the city. Shane is angry that those left at the camp were short four men to defend the camp, whereas Rick argues the damage would have been worse had he not returned with the guns. Shane is so upset with Rick -- for multiple reasons, clearly -- that he contemplates shooting his old buddy in the head while the two are out hunting. He's only stopped by the timely appearance of Dale, and tries to deflect his actions by noting that everyone should start wearing reflective vests.
How can we address all the different factors associated with the wildfires plaguing California? On the fifth and final episode of California Burning, we seek solutions. We learn about alternative building materials that can withstand fire, and we go to a fire-resistant house that was the only in its neighborhood to survive the 2018 Carr Fire.
In Game of Thrones Season 5, Episode 8, "The Bells," Daenerys Targaryen (Emilia Clarke) fulfills a threat that's loomed over Westeros since she first came ashore at Dragonstone with her three dragons, burning down King's Landing and slaughtering not just Lannister soldiers, but thousands of innocent people as well. It was a sharp turn for Daenerys' character, but we'll have to wait for the final episode of Game of Thrones to see the consequences. But amid Daenerys' dragon rampage, eagle-eyed viewers noticed a different type of fire than that emitted by Drogon. So what are the green flames that burst from the ground all over King's Landing during the assault?
"I've not conducted this experiment. It could well be true," Hallyne, apparently a quite literal man, replies. "It could well be true. The substance burns so hot it melts wood, stone, even steel! And, of course, flesh. The substance burns so hot it melts flesh like tallow. After the dragons died, wildfire was the key to Targaryen power."
While no clear explanation is given for exactly why wildfire explodes all over King's Landing during Game of Thrones Season 8, Episode 5, it's reasonable to assume these are Cersei's underground stockpiles, exploded by Drogon's dragonfire. The explosions are more than cool, green fire visuals; they also serve as a reminder of how Daenerys' destruction of King's Landing mirrors the mental breakdown of her father before her.
where AF is the attributable fraction of health events attributable to PM2.5 exposure, β is the cause-specific coefficient of the concentration-response functions (CRF) for PM2.5, Δc is the change in PM2.5 due to the wildfire, ΔY is the estimated health impact of PM2.5 attributable to PM2.5 , Y0 is the baseline cause-specific mortality, and Pop is the exposed population.
Major wildfires that started in the summer of 2020 along the west coast of the U.S. have made PM2.5 concentrations in cities in this region rank among the highest in the world. Regions of Washington were impacted by active wildfires in the state, and by aged wood smoke transported from fires in Oregon and California. This study aims to assess the population health impact of increased PM2.5 concentrations attributable to the wildfire. Average daily PM2.5 concentrations for each county before and during the 2020 Washington wildfire episode were obtained from the Washington Department of Ecology. Utilizing previously established associations of short-term mortality for PM2.5, we estimated excess mortality for Washington attributable to the increased PM2.5 levels. On average, PM2.5 concentrations increased 91.7 μg/m3 during the wildfire episode. Each week of wildfire smoke exposures was estimated to result in 87.6 (95% CI: 70.9, 103.1) cases of increased all-cause mortality, 19.1 (95% CI: 10.0, 28.2) increased cardiovascular disease deaths, and 9.4 (95% CI: 5.1, 13.5) increased respiratory disease deaths. Because wildfire smoke episodes are likely to continue impacting the Pacific Northwest in future years, continued preparedness and mitigations to reduce exposures to wildfire smoke are necessary to avoid this excess health burden.
Here is an extensive, although probably not exhaustive, list of threads that Game of Thrones has carefully set up and cultivated over its previous seven seasons, only to drop-kick into oblivion in its penultimate episode.
Wildfire smoke exposure is associated with a range of acute health outcomes, which can be more severe in individuals with underlying health conditions. Currently, there is limited information on the susceptibility of healthcare facilities to smoke infiltration. As part of a larger study to address this gap, a rehabilitation facility in Vancouver, Canada was outfitted with one outdoor and seven indoor low-cost fine particulate matter (PM2.5) sensors in Air Quality Eggs (EGG) during the summer of 2020. Raw measurements were calibrated using temperature, relative humidity, and dew point derived from the EGG data. The infiltration coefficient was quantified using a distributed lag model. Indoor concentrations during the smoke episode were elevated throughout the building, though non-uniformly. After censoring indoor-only peaks, the average infiltration coefficient (range) during typical days was 0.32 (0.22-0.39), compared with 0.37 (0.31-0.47) during the smoke episode, a 19% increase on average. Indoor PM2.5 concentrations quickly reflected outdoor conditions during and after the smoke episode. It is unclear whether these results will be generalizable to other years due to COVID-related changes to building operations, but some of the safety protocols may offer valuable lessons for future wildfire seasons. For example, points of building entry and exit were reduced from eight to two during the pandemic, which likely helped to protect the building from wildfire smoke infiltration. Overall, these results demonstrate the utility of indoor low-cost sensors in understanding the impacts of extreme smoke events on facilities where highly susceptible individuals are present. Furthermore, they highlight the need to employ interventions that enhance indoor air quality in such facilities during smoke events. 041b061a72